Last edited by Jule
Thursday, July 30, 2020 | History

2 edition of On allocating resources for fertility reduction in developing countries found in the catalog.

On allocating resources for fertility reduction in developing countries

Bernard Berelson

On allocating resources for fertility reduction in developing countries

by Bernard Berelson

  • 235 Want to read
  • 29 Currently reading

Published by Population Council in New York .
Written in English

    Places:
  • Developing countries,
  • Developing countries.
    • Subjects:
    • Birth control -- Developing countries.,
    • Fertility, Human.,
    • Economic assistance -- Developing countries.,
    • Developing countries -- Population policy.

    • Edition Notes

      Cover title.

      StatementBernard Berelson, Robert H. Haveman.
      SeriesWorking papers - Center for Policy Studies, Population Council ; no. 40, Working papers (Population Council. Center for Policy Studies) ;, no. 40.
      ContributionsHaveman, Robert H., joint author.
      Classifications
      LC ClassificationsHQ766.7 .B47
      The Physical Object
      Pagination85 p. :
      Number of Pages85
      ID Numbers
      Open LibraryOL4453764M
      LC Control Number79116350

        Funding for adaptation in developing countries must be sufficient and sustained. Least developed countries (LDCs) and small island developing States (SIDS) in particular need special consideration due to their extreme vulnerability. In this book, background information on climate change and why adaptation is needed in developing countries is. The Effect of Fertility Reduction on Economic Growth Quamrul H. as H raf Dav i D N. Weil Because we want to realistically model high-fertility developing countries in which fertility is likely to fall over the next several decades, both our baseline resources in .

      resource income in developing countries, and standard components of quantitative macroeconomic theory. We apply the model to examine the e⁄ect of a change in fertility from the UN medium-variant to the UN low-variant projection, using Nigerian vital rates as a baseline. For a base case set of parameters, we –nd that such a change. The E⁄ect of Fertility Reduction on Economic Growth Quamrul H. Ashrafy David N. Weilz Joshua Wildex February high-fertility developing countries in which fertility will likely be falling over the next several measures of the role of natural resources in aggregate production and .

        High fertility strains budgets of poor families, reducing available resources to feed, educate, and provide health care to children. Conversely, many characteristics of poverty contribute to high fertility—high infant mortality, lack of education for women, too little family income to “invest” in children, inequitable shares in national income, and inaccessibility of family planning. But for women who live in developing countries such as Niger, India or Uganda, childbirth is a risky endeavor. "We hear pregnancy is considered so natural and childbirth is considered a part of life, but there is a real sense of a complication and death," said Mary Beth Powers, chief of the Child Survival Campaign for Save the Children.


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On allocating resources for fertility reduction in developing countries by Bernard Berelson Download PDF EPUB FB2

On Allocating Resources for Fertility Reduction in Developing Countries* BERNARD BERELSON AND ROBERT H. HAVEMANt INTRODUCTION Since the early s governments throughout the developing world have adopted policies designed to reduce the rate of population growth.

The adverse effect of rapid population growth. On allocating resources for fertility reduction in developing countries. Berelson B, Haveman RH. Summary Substantial resources are currently being devoted in attempts to reduce fertility in developing countries.

Can their allocation be made more efficient, i.e. more effective per unit of investment. This is an exploratory attempt to apply Author: Bernard Berelson, Robert H. Haveman. Freedman and B. Berelson, “The Record of Family Planning Programs;” Studies in Family Planning, also Chapter 11 in this volume (for an index of social setting based on a similar concept but developed for a different purpose); and W.P.

Mauldin and B. Berelson, ”Conditions of Fertility Decline in Developing Countries, –75,“ Studies in Family Planning,also Author: Robert H. Haveman. Resource Allocation for Family Planning in Developing Countries. Family planning programs in developing countries are typically subsidized: contraceptive supplies, counseling, and clinical services are distributed either free of charge or at prices well below full cost recovery by government agencies and nongovernmental organizations (NGOs).

Macroeconomic analyses. The best known early aggregate analysis of the relationship between population growth and development is Kuznets ().His study found a positive correlation between growth rates of population and income per capita within broad country groupings, which he interpreted as evidence of a lack of a negative causal effect of population growth on income growth, contrary Cited by: Death in childbirth is almost 20 times as likely for each birth in developing countries as in developed countries.

Many successive pregnancies magnify this risk. At the total fertility rate in sub-Saharan Africa of about children, the average woman has a 1 in 18 lifetime risk of dying in childbirth. This essay discusses why fertility is high in many developing countries; why it declines with economic development; why the institution of child labor facilitates high fertility; and why high fertility is intimately tied to the extent of female autonomy in decision making.

It then discusses the reasons for the biased sex ratio at birth alluded to above. 1. Introduction. In the last 20 years, over 60 million people have been infected with HIV, and of those cases, 95% are in developingthe average life expectancy in Sub-Saharan Africa was 47 years, while it would have been 62 years without r, the vast majority of those affected by the disease are in their working years.

Paths to Fertility Reduction: The ‘Policy Cube’ John A. Ross, W. Parker Mauldin. Pages Resource Allocation. Front Matter. Pages N4-N4. PDF. On the Efficient Allocation of Resources for Fertility Reduction.

Robert H. Haveman. Pages Action Strategies. Front Matter. Conditions of Fertility Decline in Developing Countries. Disease control priorities in developing countries: a summary (Inglês) Resumo. This booklet is the second in a series summarizing the main points of full-length World Bank books.

This is a reference book that addresses the health policy choices facing decision makers in developing countries as lower fertility and child mortality. Disease control priorities in developing countries: a summary (English) Abstract.

This booklet is the second in a series summarizing the main points of full-length World Bank books. This is a reference book that addresses the health policy choices facing decision makers in developing countries as lower fertility and child mortality.

On allocating resources for fertility reduction in developing countries: Panorama das ciencias do comportamento: people's choice how the voter makes up his mind in a presidential campaign: La Politique démographique des pays développés: un recueil de monographies: População; a crise que desafia o mundo.

Population: challenging world crisis. To fight high fertility rates in developing countries and around the world, it is important to understand the rates, causes and prevention efforts of stillbirths and under-five mortality.

The World Health Organization (WHO) defines a stillbirth as “a baby born with no signs of life at or after 28 weeks’ gestation.” There are an estimated. The distinction between provision and financing of services was highlighted by Dean Jamison. Most public-sector financing of services is based on public health arguments for services for all or for the poor; whether the organizations delivering services ought to be public-or private-sector ones is a subsequent decision to be based on comparative advantages and traditions.

The literature typically treats fertility reduction in developing countries as a result of women's status improvement, based on the assumption that women have greater decision-making power on. that reduced fertility should be a policy goal for most developing countries.

Specifically, they urged countries with high population growth to reduce their annual rates of natural increase to. Recently, several initiatives were started to introduce medically assisted reproduction in developing countries.

Infertility is a major problem in these countries and causes extensive social and psychological suffering. This article analyses the main ethical arguments pro and contra the provision of infertility treatment in resource-poor countries. The determinants of fertility and attempts to extract conclusions that are relevant for fertility reduction policies in developing countries are investigated.

The paper suggests that socioeconomic development has a decisive effect in lowering fertility in the long run but in the short run, and for specific households, the effect is not as conclusive. If fertility were to remain constant at current levels in all countries, world population would increase significantly, reaching billion by Hence reduction in fertility should be made a policy and also be taken seriously.

The Caribbean country, Jamaica has put a policy in place which includes having a higher Contraceptive Prevalence. Population growth: the Population Reference Bureau (PRB) projected the world population to a range from – billion with different decrease in fertility rates in many developing and least developed countries (Bremner et al, ).

The largest percentage increase by will be in Africa where population is expected to jump to. ©— Bioethics Research Library Box Washington DC This research estimates the effect of fertility on female labor force participation in a panel of countries using abortion legislation as an instrument for fertility.

Findings show that removing legal restrictions on abortion significantly reduces fertility and estimate that, on average, a birth reduces a woman’s labor supply by almost 2.Organizations implementing projects in less developed nations must confront and resolve numerous challenges not typically encountered by those organizations realizing projects in more developed nations.

This article--a summary of a larger, critical study titled "Project Planning for Developing Countries: The Impact of Imperious Rationality"--examines the problems that organizations.